We are all familiar with those unsightly purple and blue veins we notice on other people’s legs and ankles. Are they starting to appear on your own legs? They may only be faint, but don’t ignore them, and covering them up with long pants won’t make them go away. There are numerous health implications and risks of leaving vein disease untreated.
What Causes Vein Disease?
Vein disease occurs when the valves in our veins malfunction and allow blood to flow backward instead of forward toward the heart. Our veins become enlarged in our legs and feet, blood “pools” there, and the veins protrude and slowly become visible.
Also known as venous insufficiency, this condition causes pain and other health problems. Varicose veins do not go away on their own, and only treatment can eliminate them or reduce symptoms.
Problems With Circulation
When our blood does not circulate properly throughout our body, many issues arise. In addition to pain, you can experience swelling, cramping, dry itchy skin, burning in the calf, fatigue, difficulty standing on your feet for long periods, and leg wounds that heal very slowly or not at all.
A blood clot can form in a varicose vein and result in obstructing the natural flow of blood. It may remain in place or can move throughout the body. When that occurs, it can become a serious and life-threatening condition.
- Superficial thrombophlebitis occurs when a clot is localized in a varicose vein and becomes inflamed. The area can become red and tender and feel warm and firm.
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a more serious condition, but it may be difficult to distinguish it from a superficial vein because many of the same symptoms are indicated. You should contact Advanced Vascular Associates as soon as possible for a diagnosis and possible treatment.
- Pulmonary embolism is a very serious, life-threatening condition that needs immediate treatment. It is a clot that moves into the lungs. Patients may have chest pain and shortness of breath.
Bleeding And Hyperpigmentation
Varicose veins have weak walls and can bleed easily by a bump or bruise. A rash can develop turning red and itchy. Elevating the leg can help to stop the bleeding. If it does not, seek medical attention.
Dark reddish hyperpigmentation on the surface of the skin is unsightly, but not necessarily a medical problem. However, it could indicate a clot forming.
Excessive inflammation and blood pooling can cause an ulcer to form which entails a long healing period. Don’t ignore the risks of leaving vein disease untreated.